(1) When a panel or appellate body concludes that a measure is inconsistent with a covered agreement, it recommends that the member (9) bring the measure into line with this agreement (10). In addition to its recommendations, the appellate body or body can make proposals on how the member concerned could implement the recommendations. 8. In cases where there is a breach of obligations under a covered agreement, the remedy is considered a case of nullity or infringement. In other words, it is generally considered that a regulatory violation has a negative effect on other members of the covered agreement and, in such cases, it is up to the member who has been the subject of a complaint to rebut the charge. 4. In order to assist in the selection of roundtable participants, the secretariat maintains an indicative list of government and non-governmental personalities with the qualifications covered in paragraph 1, from which roundtable participants may be selected, if necessary. This list includes the list of non-governmental participants (BISD 31S/9) drawn up on 30 November 1984, as well as other rolling charts and indicative lists drawn up under one of the covered agreements and retains the names of persons on these working tables and indicative lists at the time of the WTO agreement`s entry into force. Members may, at regular intervals, propose names of government and non-governmental individuals for inclusion on the indicative list and provide relevant information on their knowledge of international trade as well as the sectors or themes of the covered agreements, and these names are added to the list after approval by the DSB. For each of the lists of people, the list must mention the specific areas of people`s experience or subjects in the sectors or the subject of the covered agreements. If the provisions of Article XXIII of the 1994 GATT apply to a covered agreement, a body can only make decisions and make recommendations if a party believes that any benefit directly or indirectly affected by the agreement concerned is nullified or compromised, or if the achievement of a purpose of this agreement is hampered by the existence of a situation different from that to which paragraphs (a) and (b) of Article XXIII of the 1994 GATT apply.
If that party and an entity find that the matter falls within this paragraph, the procedures of the agreement apply only to the point of the procedure for distributing the panel`s report to the members and to the extent that the panel`s report has been distributed to members, and a body determines that the matter falls within this paragraph. The dispute resolution rules and procedures contained in the April 12, 1989 decision (BISD 36S/61-67) apply to the adoption, monitoring and implementation of recommendations and decisions. The dispute resolution authority is established to manage these rules and procedures and, unless otherwise provided by a covered agreement, the provisions relating to the consultation and resolution of disputes in covered agreements. As a result, the DSB has the power to establish working groups, adopt the reports of the panel and the appellate body, maintain control over the implementation of decisions and recommendations, and authorize the suspension of concessions and other obligations arising from the covered agreements.